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What is the RSPCA doing to get hens out of battery cages?

The RSPCA is strongly opposed to battery cages and believes there must now be a legislative phase-out of their use. For many years, the RSPCA has campaigned against housing hens in battery cages and raised public awareness of the inherent welfare issues of these systems through education and advertising campaigns. The RSPCA has, and will continue to, lobby governments and the egg industry to stop this inhumane production method in Australia.

Legislation and regulatory requirements

The RSPCA works hard to improve legislation on layer hen welfare. These efforts are not always successful against the strength of other stakeholders, but it certainly makes a difference. The RSPCA and other animal welfare groups have worked together to try to bring an end to battery cages through changes to legislation and regulatory requirements.

The RSPCA is one of the stakeholders involved in the current development of the Australian Animal Welfare Standards and Guidelines for Poultry, which are intended to replace the current Model Code of Practice for the Welfare of Animals: Domestic Poultry. During this process, we are continuing to campaign for battery cages to be phased out in Australia and support housing and management that improve the welfare of the hen by allowing her to perch, roost, dust bathe, forage and lay her eggs in a nest.

For more information on the development of the Australian Animal Welfare Standards and Guidelines, visit their website here .

Education campaigning and engaging with retailers

Another way that the RSPCA is helping to get hens out of cages is through public education and successful initiatives such as our Choose Wisely and Cage Free & Proud campaigns.

Choose Wisely is the RSPCA’s initiative encouraging and supporting cafes and restaurants to source products from higher welfare farming systems, such as cage-free eggs.

The RSPCA’s Cage Free & Proud campaign recognises the companies in Australia that are cage-free and proud. These companies are proving day that you can build a successful and profitable business based on good animal welfare; and that we can produce affordable, safe, healthy cage-free eggs on a large scale.

RSPCA Approved Farming Scheme

Through the RSPCA Approved Farming Scheme the RSPCA works closely with farmers committed to producing higher welfare cage-free eggs. Since releasing our first animal welfare standards for layer hens in 1996, more than 1.4 million hens have benefitted from better conditions on farm.

Hens on RSPCA Approved farms have nests, perches, litter to dust bathe and enough space to move. Whether raised indoors or with access to the outdoors, there’s a focus on providing for layer hens’ behavioural and physical needs. Battery cages are not allowed under the RSPCA Approved Farming Scheme.

By choosing products farmed to higher welfare standards and supporting farming practices that prioritise animal welfare, we can all make a positive difference to the way farm animals are treated.

Find out more about what RSPCA Approved means for hens.

Choose cage free when dining out

Use the Choose Wisely directory to find eating spots near you that have cage-free eggs on the menu. If your favourite eatery isn’t listed, why not encourage them to join?

By supporting these businesses that care about animal welfare, consumers are not only having a positive impact on the lives of the animals but, through their purchasing and eating preferences, they are also encouraging other businesses to make the move and start sourcing higher welfare food.

International movements away from battery cages

There have been significant moves to get hens out of battery cages throughout the world, with the European Union (EU) taking the lead. From January 2003, no new battery cages were allowed to be installed in the EU, and from 2012, all hens were housed in cage-free or furnished cage systems where they have more space, a nest, somewhere to scratch their claws, a perch, and litter for dust bathing and scratching. In 2012, New Zealand committed to phasing out battery cages over the next decade, and in 2016, Canada committing to a phase-out of battery cages by 2036. Switzerland, Sweden, Austria and Germany have banned or are proposing to ban all forms of cages, including furnished cages.

Further research into cage-free systems

Scientific evidence shows that hens suffer when confined in battery cages. Restricted movement, lack of exercise, constantly standing on a wire floor, and no perches leads to severe bone and muscle weakness. This is in addition to the hens having most of their behavioural needs frustrated by a lack of environmental stimulation and enrichment.

Each type of housing system exhibits advantages and disadvantages in terms of hen welfare. However, the severe behavioural inhibition in battery cages is inherent to the cages, and not affected by management. It is widely acknowledged that battery cages cannot provide good welfare for layer hens. In Australia, public concern over the use of battery cages is consistently high and has increased further in recent years, with many consumers purchasing eggs from hens in cage-free systems.

Well-designed and managed alternative systems can provide good welfare for layer hens. There are also risks to welfare in cage-free systems, and good welfare is subject to robust animal welfare standards, appropriate housing conditions and good management practices. In addition to this, research is needed to optimise cage-free systems to ensure that birds remain healthy and robust and able to fulfil their behavioural needs.


The welfare of layer hens in battery cages is perhaps the most compromised of all farm animals, and the RSPCA will continue to pressure industry, government, retailers and food manufacturers, and raise community awareness to achieve a future where hens are no longer confined to battery cages.

In Australia, more and more people have been buying cage free eggs over the past 5 years. Despite this, more than 11 million layer hens, or around 65-70% of all layer hens in Australia, are still currently confined to battery cages. With the current review of the minimum standards for poultry, this year represents the first real opportunity in approximately 15 years to legislate a phase out of battery cages.

Now is the time for the egg industry and legislators to initiate a phase-out of battery cages on achievable terms.

Find out more about the science of battery cages and alternative systems by reading RSPCA’s scientific report here, and lend your voice to the RSPCA’s campaign against battery cages here.

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Updated on November 24, 2020
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