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What is mastitis in dairy cows?

Article ID: 221
Last updated: 31 Mar, 2016
Revision: 6
Views: 19325

Mastitis is an infection that causes inflammation of a cow’s udder. It is caused by bacteria or by injury, and the dairy industry believes it affects around 5-10% of dairy cows in the typical Australian dairy herd during their lactation. Mastitis is one of the most important health and welfare issues affecting dairy cows. The likelihood of a cow having mastitis is related to the shape of the udder and teats, as well as nutrition, hygiene and other procedures at milking. 

Mastitis causes a range of symptoms from unapparent (subclinical) to severe clinical disease. Clinical mastitis may become a serious animal welfare issue if the associated swelling and inflammation of the udder is very painful. Affected cows may show clear signs of discomfort, including abnormal posture (hunched), increased sensitivity of the udder and teats to touch, rapid breathing and heart rate, and a high temperature. Unfortunately, mastitis is not always easy to detect in its early stages, particularly when the redness and swelling of the udder is not obvious. If left untreated, severe clinical mastitis may cause the death of the cow. 

The RSPCA believes that good dairy management (e.g. good hygiene and careful handling at milking) will reduce the risk of mastitis and ensure that, when it does occur, it is detected early and treated promptly. The higher producing dairy cows tend to be at greater risk of mastitis, so only focusing genetic improvement on increased milk yield may increase the incidence of this disease. The Australian dairy industry recognises that mastitis is a major problem because it reduces the quality and amount of milk produced and has implemented initiatives to help prevent mastitis in the dairy herd (e.g. ‘Countdown 2020’ farmer extension and ‘Cups On Cups Off’ training for milking personnel).

This website provides general information which must not be relied upon or regarded as a substitute for specific professional advice, including veterinary advice. We make no warranties that the website is accurate or suitable for a person's unique circumstances and provide the website on the basis that all persons accessing the website responsibly assess the relevance and accuracy of its content.
Also read
document What happens to bobby calves?
document RSPCA Policy B4 Farm animal husbandry and management
document What is calving induction?
document Why are cattle dehorned and is it painful?
document Why are the tails of dairy cows docked?
document Why do dairy cows become lame?
document Does the RSPCA have animal welfare standards for dairy production?
document Permanently housed cows – An animal welfare issue?

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