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Are birds the right companion animal for me?

This sounds like a very basic question to ask, but it’s one that needs to be addressed.

Are birds the right pet for me?

Birds are very clever. They can comprehend and learn things. There are plenty of studies that prove their intelligence​ [1]. They need care, the right food, mental stimulation, and security. They are usually a flock animal and, as such, need a companion (either another bird or a person). They can be loud, or they can be very quiet. They can be destructive or happy to play with (rather than destroy) things in their environment.

So, are you still sure you want a bird? Will a bird fit in with your lifestyle? Are you able to provide a bird with a life that meets their physical and mental requirements and health? Can you commit to doing this over their often-long lifespan (10-50 years)? If so, a bird may be the right pet for you.

What bird is right for me?

Impulse buying at parrot sales, bird auctions, pet shops and even breeding aviaries can result in the acquisition of unsuitable or unwanted birds, followed by buyer remorse. What plans do you have for your birds? Do you want a companion that you can share lives with for many years? Or a bird that shares its life between you and another bird(s)? Perhaps you would like to breed birds for a hobby? Whatever your plans are, you need to do some research first. There are some species that may not be suitable as pets (for example, rosellas and Indian Ringnecks) and others that will not be ready to breed for years (for example, cockatoos and macaws). Do these characteristics fit in with your plans?

The key to knowing the answer is research. Read up on the birds you are interested in, ask other people about them talk to breeders, reputable rescue groups, avian veterinarians, and visit online forums. Be prepared to spend some money on research – good books and magazines are not free, but are well worth investing in. (Besides, the money you will save through research will pay for these books many times over!) Gain a broad perspective of the characteristics of the particular species you are interested in, and its suitability for your lifestyle and the reasons you’d like to have a bird. Take the opportunity to gain a feel for the market value of the birds as well, so you know the ballpark price you should be paying. Remember, it is rare to get bargains for quality birds!

Moral of the story: Don’t impulse buy!

Is the bird you are getting the bird you want?

The ability to identify an individual bird can be very important, and not just for rare or valuable birds. Particularly when a bird has strayed, or when ownership is disputed, the ability to distinguish between two apparently identical birds is both obvious and difficult. Closed, numbered leg rings and/or microchips are the only reliable means of identifying an individual bird. The leg ring number or microchip number should be on all accompanying paperwork (movement authorities, permits, sexing certificates, etc), as well as on the bird’s file at home. That way, your bird can always be accurately identified.

There are many occasions when knowing the sex of a bird is important. Obviously, the sex of breeding birds is important, but it is also important for pet birds. (Many health or behavioural problems stem from the bird’s sex; not knowing the sex will complicate things for you and your avian vet.) Species in which both sexes look the same (i.e., sexually monomorphic species such as many of the Australian, South American, and African species) will require either surgical or DNA sexing; the result should be documented in a valid sexing certificate accompanying the bird. Don’t accept a guess or, just as bad, (incorrect) folk wisdom involving feeling the space between the pubic bones or the direction a suspended needle or wedding ring takes when held over the bird.

So, if you are purchasing a valuable bird, the bird should be identified by either a closed leg ring or a microchip number, and the bird’s sex should be accurately known. You should insist this is done prior to purchase but expect the associated costs to be passed on to you, the buyer, by the seller.

Moral of the story: Make sure the bird you are getting is the bird you want.

This article was authored by:
Bob Doneley BVSc FANZCVS (Avian Medicine)
Professor, Avian and Exotic Pet Service
Registered Specialist in Bird Medicine


​​[1] Luescher A (ed) (2006) Manual of Parrot Behavior. Wiley-Blackwell

​[2] Doneley B (2018) Avian Medicine and Surgery in Practice: Companion and Aviary Birds, 2nd ed. CRC Press

Updated on May 26, 2023
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