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What do I need to prepare for my pets in case I require hospitalisation due to COVID-19?

There are a number of ways you can prepare for the possibility that you require hospitalisation due to COVID-19.

There is no evidence that companion animals play a role in the spread of this human disease or that they become sick if they are exposed to the virus [17].

Here’s some basic advice to help you prepare for if you require hospitalisation:

  • Your animals will need to be cared for while you are in hospital, you will need to make sure there are adequate supplies for your pet – including food and any medications.
  • Make sure you have adequate supplies for your pet – including food and any medications. You should have a minimum of 1 month of supply of medication and food available.
  • Ensure that you have appropriate carriers/crates available for all your animals, in case they need to be transported.
  • If you cannot get supplies personally, try to order products online (many retailers are still able to supply essential products) or ask friends, family or neighbours to help but avoid direct contact.
  • All medications and instructions should be documented (include dosages and how and how often to give the medication and have a script for the medication).
  • Ensure that your pet is up to date with their vaccinations, in case it is necessary for them to go to a boarding facility or to someone else’s home.
  • Make sure that you have a contact list for whoever is looking after your pet. This should include the contact details for your pet’s veterinarian (and insurance company if relevant) and anyone else who might be necessary for your pet’s care.
  • Options available for pet care if you are hospitalised include:
    • Leaving your animals at your home with family, friends or a trusted pet sitter coming to care for them.
    • Having family or friends take care of your animals at their own home.
    • For people that do not have family or friends that can care for their pets during their hospitalisation, there may be other options available but these are likely to be limited and may become more limited. Investigate these options in your local area; for example, boarding kennels, catteries, and home care pet sitters. Other options may become available as the situation develops so keep looking for different possibilities in your area.
  • To be extra cautious, pets coming from a home where they may have been in contact with infectious people should be washed thoroughly before entering the home of people who have not been infected with the coronavirus [7]; just as you might change your clothing and have a shower after being in contact with someone infectious before going home to your uninfected family. Bathing dogs with any shampoo is likely to remove any virus present on their hair coat, just as hand washing does for human hands. An alternative to bathing is to handle the animal while wearing gowns and gloves for the first 3 days of their care to reduce the potential for them to transmit viral particles which could be on their haircoat or skin (this may be needed for cats who would not allow themselves to be washed).

For more detailed information on coronavirus and animals please visit the websites links in the references.

To protect each other and our communities, please isolate yourselves. In simple terms, think of the people and animals that you are sharing your home with and who you are in contact with as needing to stay isolated within a bubble. They/you should only have contact with each other to minimise the risk of transmission of the virus to any of you or to anyone else. If one of you is exposed in any way, this will result in all of you being exposed, so take extra precautions just to be safe and to protect your family unit of people and pets, and the community. Be kind to yourselves and your pets during what is likely to be a challenging, frightening and frustrating time for everyone.


There are some simple but important steps you can take to ensure the health and safety of your own pets and neighbours’ pets in the case of an emergency. We have prepared these interactive PDFs to help you prepare your emergency plan for your animals:


The Pet Emergency Plan initiative is funded by the Natural Disaster Resilience Program, and has been developed by RSPCA South Australia in partnership with the Commonwealth and State Government of South Australia.

If you are facing challenges caring for your animals, please get in touch with your local RSPCA to discuss options; we are here to offer support and help if possible.

Please note that there are many things that are currently unknown about this virus and the risk it poses to pets and from pets to humans. This information has been prepared with the best and most current information available at the time but things are changing rapidly as the situation evolves.


[1] World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) (2020) Questions and Answers on the Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19)

[2] Australian Veterinary Association (AVA) (2020) COVID-19 Information Sheet

[3] Australian Veterinary Association (AVA) (2020) Update on report of transmission from human to pet dog in Hong Kong

[4] World Small Animal Veterinary Association (WSAVA) (2020) Information for veterinarians on the novel coronavirus

[5] Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (2020) What To Do if You Are Sick

[6] Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (2020) Novel Coronavirus and Animals

[7] UC Davis Koret Shelter Medicine Program (2020) Animal Services’ Role in COVID-19 Support

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Updated on June 25, 2020
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