• Should I stable my horse?

    Stabling horses often suits our needs as people (e.g., convenience), not the horses. Horses are social, herd animals and we know that they are not meant to live alone. Isolation and confinement suppress their natural instincts for friends, forage and freedom [1]. Many of today’s top horse athletes are kept…

  • How should I care for my pet turtle?

    Turtles are a unique species of reptile who have special requirements in captivity which must be met to ensure they are happy and healthy. Turtles can live for many years, with some pet turtles having been reported to live over 50 years. It is important to consider this when choosing…

  • Why should I have my pet rabbit desexed?

    Desexing has numerous benefits for both male and female pet rabbits including reducing problem behaviours, facilitating easier bonding with new rabbits joining the family, preventing unwanted pregnancies and minimising health issues in the future such as cancer of reproductive organs.   A female rabbit is called a ‘doe’, a male rabbit…

  • How many animals are used in research in Australia?

    Unlike some other countries, Australia does not publish the number of animals used in research, testing and teaching each year and so this makes it very difficult to identify reductions or trends in the number of animals used. It is essential that a national agency oversee the collection, collation and…

  • Is fertility control a humane option for managing peri-urban kangaroos?

    Fertility control is one option for managing kangaroo populations where conflicts may exist with human activity, for example peri-urban areas (areas adjacent to towns and cities). Kangaroos living in proximity to human development are at risk of injury from motor vehicles, negative interactions involving humans and property, and they may…

  • Is translocation a humane option for managing peri-urban kangaroos?

    Peri-urban kangaroos are those who inhabit areas directly surrounding established metropolitan, urban, or regional centres. The welfare issues relating to the management of peri-urban kangaroos are complex and challenging, as they involve balancing prevention of harm to kangaroos whilst solving human-animal conflict situations. Studies have shown that significant animal welfare…

  • What are some of the painful procedures experienced by pigs on farm?

    RSPCA defines a painful farm animal husbandry procedure as any action that alters or removes a specific body part of a farm animal and causes pain, suffering or distress. Any procedure that results in tissue injury should be assumed to cause pain, and therefore must be approached accordingly. RSPCA acknowledges…

  • What are some of the painful procedures experienced by cattle on farm?

    RSPCA defines a painful farm animal husbandry procedure as any action that alters or removes a specific body part of a farm animal and causes pain, suffering or distress. Any procedure that results in tissue injury should be assumed to cause pain, and therefore must be approached accordingly. RSPCA acknowledges…

  • What are some of the painful procedures experienced by sheep on farm?

    RSPCA defines a painful farm animal husbandry procedure as any action that alters or removes a specific body part of a farm animal and causes pain, suffering or distress. Any procedure that results in tissue injury should be assumed to cause pain, and therefore must be approached accordingly. RSPCA acknowledges…

  • Do octopi and lobsters feel pain?

    Based on the available scientific data, there is evidence that both octopi and lobsters, do exhibit signs of ‘discomfort’ or ‘pain’ in response to noxious, or painful, stimuli. Octopi and lobsters are two types of marine animals (cephalopods and crustaceans respectively) and are part of a larger group of animals…