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Where can I find information on best practice management of wild deer?

Article ID: 580
Last updated: 18 May, 2016
Revision: 8
Views: 3355

RSPCA Australia acknowledges that, in certain circumstances, it is necessary to manage populations of wild animals in order to reduce adverse impacts on human activities, health and wellbeing or the environment and also to protect the welfare of individual animals. When undertaken, the RSPCA believes management activities must use methods that are humane, target-specific and effective.

Codes of practice and standard operating procedures for the humane control of pest animals in Australia have been developed by the NSW Department of Primary Industries with support from the Australian Government and these are available on the PestSmart website. PestSmart is a database of information on vertebrate invasive animals in Australia and New Zealand managed and maintained by the Invasive Animals Cooperative Research Centre and the Institute for Applied Ecology at the University of Canberra and supported by the Australian Government through the Bureau of Rural Sciences.
The codes of practice (COP) provide general information on best practice management for different animal species, control strategies, animal biology and impact and also a summary of the humaneness, efficacy, cost-effectiveness and target specificity of each control method. Standard operating procedures (SOP) describe specific control techniques and their application as well as animal welfare impacts for target and non-target species and strategies to minimise any harmful impacts.
The ‘humaneness’ of a control method refers to the overall welfare impact that the method has on an individual animal. A relatively more humane method will have less impact than a relatively less humane method. A model for assessing the relative humaneness of pest animal control methods has been developed under the Australian Animal Welfare Strategy (AAWS)[1]. This model has been used by an independent expert panel to assess the humaneness of a variety of methods used to control invasive animal species in Australia[2] and these assessments are also available on the PestSmart website.
Links to the COP, SOPs and humaneness assessments relating to the management of wild deer can be found below:
Code of practice
A model code of practice for the humane control of wild deer has not yet been prepared.
Standard operating procedures
DEE001: Ground shooting of wild deer
Humaneness assessments
Humaneness assessments for wild deer management methods can be found in the following report:

[1] Sharp, T., & Saunders, G. (2008). A model for assessing the relative humaneness of pest animal control methods. Canberra, ACT: Australian Government Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry
[2] Sharp, T., & Saunders, G. (2011). A model for assessing the relative humaneness of pest animal control methods (Second edition). Canberra, ACT: Department of Agriculture Fisheries and Forestry.

This website provides general information which must not be relied upon or regarded as a substitute for specific professional advice, including veterinary advice. We make no warranties that the website is accurate or suitable for a person's unique circumstances and provide the website on the basis that all persons accessing the website responsibly assess the relevance and accuracy of its content.
Also read
document What is humane vertebrate pest control?
document How can pest control programs be made more humane?
document How can you measure the humaneness of a pest control method?
document Is hunting the same as pest animal management?
document Can recreational hunting hinder the management of pest animals?
document Which States allow hunting in National Parks?
document Is recreational hunting an effective and humane form of pest animal management in National Parks?
document Why do some hunters use a bow and arrow and is this type of hunting humane?
document How are dogs used for hunting?
document Is it legal to use dogs to hunt deer?
document How do recreational hunters kill deer and is it humane?
document What is the most effective and humane way to control deer?

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